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4th International Conference on Cardiovascular Diseases and Therapeutics, will be organized around the theme “Innovations in the treatment of Cardiovascular Disease”
CVDT 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in CVDT 2021
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Interventional cardiology requires the correction of vessels, narrowed arteries or other compromised parts of the heart system that are impaired or weakened. It is a non-surgical technique for care that uses a narrow flexible tube called a catheter. By catheterization, the heart may be exposed to several procedures. It typically involves catheter injection into the cardiac system's heart chamber / coronary arteries / valves and heart cannulation under X-ray visualisation or most often fluoroscopy. Scars and pain and lengthy post-operative recovery are avoided by the adaptation of this form of treatment. Because of extended fluoroscopy time and radiographic exposure, the procedures used in interventional cardiology result in significant patient radiation doses.
Surgery on the heart or large arteries is cardiac surgery or heart surgery. It is carried out to address the issues associated with the heart. A heart surgeon is a cardiac surgery specialist. In contrast with conventional open heart surgery, newer methods of heart surgery (such as off-pump and minimally invasive) can minimise risks and speed up recovery time. Cardiac surgery is performed by a heart surgeon to fix or replace heart valves, fix irregular or damaged heart structures, insert medical devices that help regulate heart rate or promote heart function and blood flow, or replace a damaged heart with a healthy heart from a donor.
- Track 1-1Open heart surgery
- Track 1-2Modern beating-heart surgery
- Track 1-3Coronary artery bypass grafting
- Track 1-4Minimally invasive surgery
- Track 1-5Robot-assisted surgeries
- Track 1-6Transplantation of the heart
- Track 1-7Angioplasty
- Track 1-8Valvuloplasty
The aim of paediatric cardiology is to diagnose congenital heart defects, to perform diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterization and electrophysiology studies, and to manage the onset of cardiac disease in infants , children and adolescents on an ongoing basis. Myocarditis (the condition is characterised by inflammation of the heart muscle) involves different forms of inflammatory heart disease; Kawasaki's disease is a rare childhood disease that affects blood vessels. The prenatal diagnosis and care given to pregnant women at risk or suspected to be carrying babies with heart defects is neonatal cardiology.
- Track 2-1Pediatric heart catheterization
- Track 2-2Risk and diagnosis of disease
- Track 2-3Pediatric angina
- Track 2-4Pediatric diseases pathology
- Track 2-5Pediatric heart transplants
- Track 2-6Pediatric cardiologists
- Track 2-7Pediatric heart physiology
Hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is constantly raised at a steady rate. This is often referred to as high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease with high vital signs or blood vessels. It can lead to serious health issues and raise the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and sometimes death. The different forms of cardiovascular disease and their evaluation are mainly discussed in this session. Practically 90-95 % of cases are primary and the unhealthy lifestyle followed by excessive alcohol, salt, body weight, etc. This is suffered by the remaining 5-10% of individuals due to kidney artery thinning, chronic kidney diseases, and endocrine disorder. Cardiovascular disease evaluation generally involves hypertension confirmation, risk factors, underlying causes, organ damage & indications and drug contraindications. Hypertension might be a major threat issue for cardiopathy and stroke.
- Track 3-1Hypertension – Stress and Stroke
- Track 3-2Advanced Treatment Approaches
- Track 3-3Hypertensive Heart Disease
- Track 3-4Causes of Cardiac Arrest Due to Hypertension
- Track 3-5Causative Factors and Risk Assessment
Arrhythmia is a problem with the heart beat 's rhythm or speed. The heartbeat is too slow during an arrhythmia, or too rapid, with an irregular rhythm. The heartbeat that is too fast is called Bradycardia, a tachycardia that is too slow. It is almost harmless to have arrhythmias, where as few can be extreme and even life-threatening. The heart will not be able to pump the necessary blood into the body when the pulse is very slow or erratic or rapid. This can result in heart damage and different Organs of the body.
- Track 4-1Ventricular Fibrillation
- Track 4-2Bradycardia
- Track 4-3Tachycardia
- Track 4-4Atrial Fibrillation
Heart failure, occasionally recognized as congestive heart failure, occurs when heart muscle doesn't pump blood as efficiently as it can. Some disorders, such as tapered arteries in heart (coronary artery disease) or high blood pressure, eventually leave the heart too weak and pump proficiently. Not all conditions that leads to heart failure can be reversed, but treatments may progress the signs and symptoms of heart failure and allow people to live longer.
Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that alter the heart muscle. Primary on there can be few or no symptoms. As the disease aggravate, shortness of breath, feeling tired, and swelling of the legs may occur, due to the onset of heart failure. An irregular heart beat and fainting can occur. There is an increased risk of sudden cardiac death in those affected. Types of cardiomyopathy contains hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (broken heart syndrome). In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy the heart muscle increases and thickens. In dilated cardiomyopathy the ventricles increases and weaken. In restrictive cardiomyopathy the ventricle stiffens.
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a syndrome caused by decreased blood flow to the coronary artery (set of signs and symptoms) so that part of the heart muscle does not function properly or dies. The most common symptom is chest pain, frequently radiating to the left shoulder or angle of the jaw, crushing, central and associated with nausea and sweating. Many people with acute coronary syndrome, particularly women, elderly patients, and patients with diabetes mellitus, have symptoms other than chest pain.
Acute coronary syndrome is usually related with three clinical symptoms, named according to the presence of the electrocardiogram (ECG): ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, 30%) and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI, 25%), or unstable angina (38%).There may be several variation as to which forms of myocardial infarction (MI) are classified under acute coronary syndrome.
Robotically-assisted heart surgery is also known as closed-chest heart surgery, can be a type of negligibly intrusive heart surgery performed by a cardiac specialist. The specialist employs a specially built computer console to monitor the lean mechanical weapons of surgical rebels. Robotically-assisted surgery has altered the way of certain heart operations are being performed. This technology permits specialists to achieve certain types of complex heart surgeries with smaller incisions and precise motion control, offering patients improved outcomes. In the case of robotically assisted minimally-invasive surgery , the surgeon uses one of two techniques to administer the instruments instead of directly moving the instruments. These involve using a direct telemanipulator or manipulating machines. A telemanipulator is a remote manipulator that enables the surgeon to conduct normal surgery-related movements. Using end-effectors and manipulators to perform the actual surgery, the robotic arms carry out those movements. The surgeon uses a computer to monitor the robotic arms and their end effectors in computer-controlled systems, although these systems can also use telemanipulators for their input as well. One benefit of using the computerised system is that it is not necessary for the surgeon to be present, resulting in the possibility of remote surgery.
Cardiac imaging, also known as cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), is a medical imaging technology for the non-nosed assessment of the cardiovascular system's function and structure with a cardiovascular imaging branch that clarifies the cross-sectional imaging studies of the heart and vascular system using computed tomography (CT or 'CAT') and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Both CT and MRI are non-invasive imaging modalities that generate detailed images of the structures inside the heart using a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer. It is used in patients with congenital heart disease to diagnose or monitor cardiac disease and to assess the anatomy and function of the heart. To ensure optimum diagnostic quality in patient care while also minimising patient exposure to ionising radiation, MUSC operates the most up-to - date, cutting-edge imaging instruments.
- Track 8-1Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging
- Track 8-2Noninvasive cardiac imaging
- Track 8-3Clinical uses of cardiac imaging
- Track 8-4Cardiac MRI
- Track 8-5Physician impairment
- Track 8-6Echocardiography
- Track 8-7Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Track 8-8Computed tomography (CT)
- Track 8-9Nuclear medicine imaging
- Track 8-10Coronary catheterization
- Track 8-11Intravascular ultrasound
Cancer and cardiovascular disease are the leading causes of death in many parts of the world and Cardio-oncology is the intersection of cardiac problems in cancer treated patients. For both diseases arising in the same patient, there are many explanations. The risk factors for coronary artery disease ( CAD) and cancer include age, tobacco use and obesity. The effects of radio- and chemotherapy in long-term malignancy survivors may be other causes. These treatments have a direct effect on the heart, which needs, in some cases, surgical correction. Malignancy may also occur during long-term follow-up after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The growth in medical facilities also makes it more likely that heart disease and treatable cancer will be identified.
- Track 9-1Benign cardiac tumors, cardiac fibroma
- Track 9-2Atrial myxoma, tricuspid stenosis
- Track 9-3Cardiac neoplasm, pulmonary chondroma
- Track 9-4Carney complex, LAMB syndrome
- Track 9-5Prevention of chemotherapy-induced cardiac dysfunction
- Track 9-6Cancer and Heart
Echocardiography is referred to as cardiac echo produced by the ultrasound waves that generate the images of the heart. This is a kind of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are transmitted through a system known as transducer. The device accepts the echoes of the sound waves as they bound with the different parts of heart. These echoes tend to produce moving pictures of heart that can be seen on a video screen. It helps to recognize cardiomyopathies, such as cardiomyopathy with hypertrophy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and many others.
- Track 10-1Cardiac-gated imaging techniques
- Track 10-2Stress echocardiography
- Track 10-3Pacemaker monitoring
- Track 10-4Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Track 10-5Heart rate monitor
- Track 10-6Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)
- Track 10-7Angiocardiography
- Track 10-8Three-dimensional echocardiography
- Track 10-9Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Track 10-10Myocardial perfusion imaging
Coronary Heart disease is often referred to as Coronary artery disease, which means that the narrowing of the coronary arteries or plaque accumulation within the arteries that resize the coronary arteries is a common term. Blood is transported by arteries to various parts of the body and after the heart provides blood with oxygen and nutrients. The coronary arteries are vital: blood is carried to the coronary arteries by the heart muscle. So, as the coronary arteries get narrower, the blood flow to the muscles of the heart decreases. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which can travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Irregularly it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms happens with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest. Shortness of breath can also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present. In several cases, the first sign is a heart attack. Other complications contains heart failure or an abnormal heartbeat.
- Track 11-1Coronary Artery Disease Angina
- Track 11-2Coronary heart disease risk in women
- Track 11-3New treatment options for coronary artery disease
- Track 11-4Effective lifestyle- Secondary prevention
- Track 11-5Risk factors of coronary heart disease
- Track 11-6Pathophysiology- lack of oxygen
- Track 11-7Pathophysiology of Coronary Artery Disease
- Track 11-8Coronary Artery Disease and Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- Track 11-9Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors, Preventions and Treatment
- Track 11-10Coronary heart disease causes and development
Cardiac regeneration is the ability of reparative stem cells to restore impaired tissue function by renewing cell growth in cardiac cells destroyed by heart disease or by a rapidly growing and controversial research. The discovery of progenitor cells inside the heart some 12 years ago stimulated interest for cell-based regenerative therapies, and about 15.5 million Americans have one or more forms of cardiovascular disease, like as heart attack, angina or heart failure. Here is the technique for heart regeneration, which allows exogenous cells to be inserted into the damaged region of the heart. These transplanted cells might generate and repopulate the injured area with myocardium. Complementary regenerative strategies to cell transplantation are instantaneously being pursued by the field.
- Track 12-1Cardiac regenerative therapy
- Track 12-2Trans differentiation during heart regeneration
- Track 12-3Biomimetic heart valve replacement
- Track 12-4Stem cell-derived engineered cardiac tissue
- Track 12-5NSTEMI Guidelines
- Track 12-6Cardio myocyte proliferation
- Track 12-7Angiogenesis
- Track 12-8Transcription
- Track 12-9Tissue engineering
Cardiac nursing is a discipline focused on the prevention and treatment of disorders, as well as an understanding of normal cardiac anatomy and physiology, in-depth assessment and monitoring skills, comprehensive knowledge of cardiac disease and disorders, and ongoing education on appropriate methods of prevention methods and treatment options. Clinical nurse specialists and nurse practitioners delivers the comprehensive cardiovascular care for patients with acute and chronic heart.
Major areas include:
Critical Care and Acute Care management of cardiac patients, advanced health assessment, clinical prevention and advanced pathophysiology.
- Discussion on the role of nurses in achieving a successful heart failure service
- Cardiac Patient Management in Critical Care and Acute Care
- Advanced Health Assessment
- Increase knowledge of patients and education about the condition and its management
- Track 13-1Discussion on the role of nurses in achieving a successful heart failure service
- Track 13-2Cardiac Patient Management in Critical Care and Acute Care
- Track 13-3Advanced Health Assessment
- Track 13-4Increase knowledge of patients and education about the condition and its management
The pharmacological study that concerned with Cardiac and Neuronal drugs. Cardiac or Cardiovascular pharmacology discloses the cardiac medicine activities in different heart diseases that include cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, congestive heart failure, Angina and cardiomyopathy. The neuronal pharmacology focuses on neurological disorders and their drug pharmacological activities. There is a physiological relation between these cardiac and neuropharmacology since almost every cardiac disorder is inter-dependent on the nervous system. The cardiac system is regulated internally by nervous systems that are sympathetic and parasympathetic.
- Track 14-1Pharmacotherapy for Cardiac Arrhythmias
- Track 14-2Pharmacotherapy for Acute and Chronic Heart Failure
- Track 14-3Drug Therapy for Systemic Hypertension
- Track 14-4Anti-Ischemic Drug Therapy
Nuclear cardiology is the study of myocardial perfusion scans, and this test is used to monitor the blood flow in the heart muscle. If these arteries are blocked, the coronary arteries carry blood to the heart muscle, so that the heart does not receive enough blood to operate properly. Coronary artery disease ( CAD) results from this blockage. The myocardial perfusion scan is divided into two sections, which are a stress scan and a rest scan. The main reason for the beginning of the diagnosis of heart disease and the assessment of the extent of the disease and the detection of results in the context of coronary artery disease is nuclear cardiology. Studies in nuclear cardiology use non-invasive techniques to analyse the flow of myocardial blood, assess the pumping mechanism of the heart, and imagine the size and placement of a heart attack. Myocardial perfusion imaging is the most commonly used among nuclear cardiology techniques. In many cancer survivors, cardiovascular disease emerges as an important cause of death, rivalling cancer recurrence. This improved cancer survival has promoted robust cancer survival, coupled with off-target side effects of oncology therapies and the availability of strategies to improve cardiovascular outcomes.
- Track 15-1Myocardial infarction
- Track 15-2Vasodilators
- Track 15-3Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
- Track 15-4Magnetic resonance imaging
- Track 15-5Perfusion